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Is it really that hard to improve chip test performance?

Smiths Interconnect
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In the digital era, semiconductor chips are present in almost every aspect of our lives.

Whether it is from microwave ovens to computers, cell phones, computer central processing units, and other electronic devices there are a variety of chips installed.

Contemporary microprocessors or graphics processors can hold more than 50 billion transistors on them, with a failure rate of just shy of one in a billion. To achieve such levels of reliability in chip operation, test and measurement play a critical role in the overall chip design and package testing process. Smiths Interconnect is here to discuss the impact of semiconductor test sockets on the semiconductor chip test and measurement process for different applications.

The Role of Testing

What role does the chip play in these devices? The role of various chips on top of these electronic devices is more similar to the role played by various organs of the human body. The overall management of electronic devices and computing logic processing, etc., need the CPU (the core component is the chipset), the CPU is equivalent to the human brain. Electronic devices to identify sound, processing audio, need audio processing chip, equivalent to the human body's ears. Electronic devices receive images and process pictures, requiring a picture processing chip, which is equivalent to the human body's glasses. In short, these devices have various functions that require corresponding chips to achieve, just like the human body's various organs to achieve different functions.

Testing during production plays an important role in ensuring reliability and repeatability. Semiconductor manufacturing plants perform tests at each stage of production to eliminate defective parts as early as possible, while precisely controlling each process parameter of the chip. The factory first performs basic functional testing of the semiconductor chip core at the wafer level, discarding any faulty parts, and then separates the tested chips into individual units and packages them for further testing. Usually the chip is tested up to 20 times before it leaves the factory. Most testing is done by special equipment attached to the chip, which uses electrical signals to stimulate the chip to simulate the real state and capture the response of the chip to see if it meets the design requirements. These are known as automatic test equipment (ATE) systems typically sell for $1 million to $2 million and can be programmed to test a variety of chips for many years.

Semiconductor Test Solutions

Smiths Interconnect offers high quality test sockets with a wide variety of spring contacts designed using different design standards. The products are flexible, design optimized and quick to deliver. Test sockets are available in a variety of leaded and leadless package types, including leadless (QFN) packages, quad flat packages (QFP), small outline integrated circuits (SOIC), ball grid array (BGA) packages, and connection tray grid array (LGA) packages.

The DaVinci Series test socket is a high-performance coaxial socket that precisely tackles 56/112G SerDes PAM4 test challenge. Consumer demand for next-generation technologies such as the Internet of Things, 5G, artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning and self-driving vehicles require high-speed data transmission and processing technologies, and high-reliability testing is critical for the high-speed, multifunctional digital and analog devices that drive them.

Is it really that hard to improve chip test performance?

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